Paralysis is the loss of muscle function in the body, sometimes it is only temporary, and at other times it is permanent. It is not limited to any particular part of the body, but limb paralysis has been observed in the majority of cases. A patient suffering from paralysis does not experience pain when it occurs.
Depending on the nature of the underlying cause, a treatment plan is developed to either cure or treat the condition while not interfering with the patient’s daily life. The most common underlying condition that causes partial or complete paralysis in a patient is a stroke. In partial paralysis, the patient retains some control over the affected muscle. The patient has no control over the affected muscle tissue in incomplete paralysis.
In this article, Matrix Diagnostics- a trusted diagnostic centre in Hyderabad is explaining the types, causes, symptoms, treatment, and prevention of paralysis.
Types of Paralysis
Paralysis is classified into the following types based on the severity and duration of the condition:
It can be partial, referring to only a partial loss of muscle control and movement, or total, referring to a complete loss of muscle control and movement. Patients suffering from total paralysis have no control over their muscles.
It can also be classified as Permanent, Vere paralysis, in which no signals are transmitted in the nervous system, resulting in permanent loss of muscle function, or Temporary paralysis, in which muscle function is lost temporarily. Patients suffering from temporary paralysis lose muscle function for a short period of time before control is gradually restored, either partially or completely.
Flaccid paralysis is characterized by muscles that become flabby and eventually shrink in size, whereas Spastic paralysis limits the patient’s movement to spasms.
Causes of Paralysis
The following are some of the causes of paralysis attacks:
- Stroke: One of the most common causes of paralysis is a stroke. Heart or brain strokes can both cause paralysis. A lack of blood supply in critical parts of the brain causes muscle-controlling tissues to be damaged.
- Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive and debilitating central nervous system disease. It is also one of the most common causes of paralysis.
- Spinal cord injury: A spinal cord injury caused by trauma can cause nerve damage and paralysis.
- Cerebral palsy: Cerebral palsy is caused by impaired or abnormal brain growth. It typically results in temporary paralysis.
- Spina bifida: Spina bifida is a type of neural tube defect that occurs in a fetus. It is characterized by incomplete spinal cord closure and may result in paralysis.
- Infections: Paralysis can occur as a result of an infection caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. For example, the polio (poliomyelitis) virus, a contagious illness that primarily affects children under the age of five, causes nerve injury and paralysis in its most severe form.
Symptoms of Paralysis
When you have paralysis, you are unable to move the affected parts of your body. Depending on the location of the injury, paralysis may result from a loss of sensation. Sudden paralysis is caused by strokes and spinal cord injuries. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms listed above, please contact our diagnostic centre for the best diagnostic services in Hyderabad.
Some medical conditions can result in progressive paralysis. You may encounter:
- Muscular spamming
- Muscle function loss
- The affected muscles may experience pain or numbness.
- Muscle tenseness
- Facial muscle drooping
Treatment of Paralysis
There is no treatment. Patients have reported complete recovery from paralysis after a period of time or after the underlying disease that was causing the paralysis was cured. Some patients have been able to regain some muscle function after paralysis thanks to rehabilitative therapies. However, such rehabilitative therapies aim to help the patient live independently and improve their quality of life. The following are examples of rehabilitative therapies:
- Physical therapy
- Occupational therapy
- Mobility aids
- Supportive devices
- Assistive technology
- Adaptive equipment
You can also go for the total body checkup in Hyderabad at Matrix Diagnostics. We have different branches in and around Hyderabad to serve you better.
Prevention of Paralysis
To avoid the onset of paralysis, it’s critical to have your diagnostic experts check you on a regular basis and be aware of any onset of ALS, early signs of stroke, or any other disorders that can lead to paralysis.
It’s important to remember that any type of paralysis is difficult to completely reverse, so everyone should be on the lookout for any early signs of paralysis. Even if no symptoms are present, Matrix Diagnostics advises getting a full body checkup on a regular basis and looking for signs of early onset of paralysis-inducing disorders.
Paralysis is a very stressful situation for both patients and their families. Patients suffering from paralysis experience an avalanche of negative emotions, ranging from panic and anxiety to depression, as a result of their loss of motor functions. Managing paralyzed patients necessitates major lifestyle changes, with severely paralyzed patients requiring lifelong care from family members and loved ones.
Matrix Diagnostics recommended that people of all ages have regular full-body checkups in Hyderabad so that any risk factors can be identified and treated early. In addition to regular checks, we recommend leading an active and healthy lifestyle to avoid the onset of major conditions such as stroke.